When it comes to metal roofing, the debate between warm roofs and cold (vented) roofs has been ongoing. Both systems have their merits and drawbacks, and choosing the right one for your project can significantly impact its performance and longevity. In this blog post, we will delve into the pros and cons of warm and cold roofs in metal roofing systems, specifically focusing on the context of Metal roofing. 


Warm Roof: 


This roof system involves placing the insulation above the structural deck, effectively creating a barrier that keeps the entire roof structure warm. This approach is particularly popular in cold climates where preventing heat loss is crucial and becoming increasingly popular among builders in the UK. 


Here are the pros and cons of warm roofs in metal roofing: 



Warm Roof Pros: 


  1. Energy Efficiency: 
  • These roofs excel in energy efficiency as they keep the entire roof structure warm. This reduces the risk of condensation forming within the roofing system, which can lead to various issues like mould growth and structural damage. 
  1. Thermal Performance: 
  • Metal roofing combined with a warm roof system provides excellent thermal performance. It helps maintain a consistent temperature within the building, leading to potential energy savings in heating and cooling costs. 
  1. Design Flexibility: 
  • Offer greater flexibility in design since the insulation is outside the structural deck. This allows for the creation of vaulted or cathedral ceilings without compromising energy efficiency. 


Warm Roof Cons: 


  1. Installation Complexity: 
  • The installation of warm roofs is more complex and costly compared to cold roofs. Proper detailing and insulation installation are crucial to ensuring the effectiveness of the roof system. The correct application of a vapour control layer is crucial to the integrity of a warm roof. 
  1. Height and Weight Considerations: 
  • Warm roofs can add height and weight to the overall structure. In retrofit projects, this might require adjustments to accommodate the increased load and altered building dimensions. 


Cold (Vented) Roof: 


In a cold roof system, insulation is placed below the structural deck, allowing for ventilation between the insulation and the roof covering. This approach is often favoured in warmer climates or where condensation is less of a concern. It also is the method that has been used with metal roofing structures for centuries Let’s explore the pros and cons of cold roofs in metal roofing: 



  1. Simplicity of Installation: 
  • Cold roofs are generally simpler and quicker to install than warm roofs. This can result in cost savings on both labour and materials. 
  1. Ventilation Benefits: 
  • The ventilation space between the insulation and roof covering in cold roofs helps dissipate any heat that may build up, preventing issues like overheating and premature ageing of roofing materials. 
  1. Condensation Risk Reduction: 
  • Cold roofs are less prone to condensation issues, making them suitable for climates where temperature differentials are less extreme. Proper ventilation helps manage moisture and reduces the risk of mould growth. It also reduces the risk of damage to the substrate from vapour/ moisture escaping from the building. 



Potential for Energy Loss: 

  • Cold roofs may be less energy-efficient compared to warm roofs, as they do not keep the entire roof structure warm. This can lead to increased heating costs in colder climates. 


Limited Design Flexibility: 

  • The placement of insulation below the structural deck limits the design flexibility of the internal space, especially when aiming for unique architectural features. This can be a drawback in projects where Internal aesthetics plays a crucial role. 



The choice between warm and cold roofs depends on various factors, including climate, project budget, and design requirements. While warm roofs offer superior energy efficiency and thermal performance, cold roofs shine in simplicity of installation and ventilation benefits. When considering a metal roofing system, it’s essential to weigh the pros and cons of warm and cold roofs to make an informed decision that aligns with the specific needs of the project. Whether you prioritise energy efficiency or ease of installation, understanding the nuances of warm and cold roofing systems is crucial for the long-term success of your metal roofing project.